Skip to content

CVE-2024-1086: kernel


CVE-2024-1086: kernel: nf_tables: use-after-free vulnerability in the nft_verdict_init() function


As briefly described by Red Hat:

A flaw was found in the Netfilter subsystem in the Linux kernel. This issue occurs in the nft_verdict_init() function, allowing positive values as a drop error within the hook verdict, therefore, the nf_hook_slow() function can cause a double-free vulnerability when NF_DROP is issued with a drop error that resembles NF_ACCEPT. The nf_tables component can be exploited to achieve local privilege escalation.

Exploitation of the flaw is described in great detail in a blog post by Notselwyn.

Public disclosure date: March 26, 2024 for the above blog post, which made the issue widely known


  • Fixed in version: kernel-5.14.0-427.16.1.el9_4 available May 8, 2024


  • Fixed in version: kernel-4.18.0-513.24.1.el8_9 available April 5, 2024
  • Errata: RLSA-2024:1607 issued April 5, 2024


We also recommend two mitigations:

  • If you don't use containers, we recommend that you disable user namespaces e.g. by running the below commands as root:
echo user.max_user_namespaces=0 > /etc/sysctl.d/userns.conf
sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.d/userns.conf

This is a mitigation also suggested by Red Hat. It is sufficient to fully mitigate this and other/future related vulnerabilities.

  • If you cannot disable user namespaces, you may nevertheless be able to disable network namespaces, which is also sufficient to fully mitigate this and some other/future related vulnerabilities.

  • Install our package of LKRG, start and enable the service.

This does not fully mitigate the vulnerability, but it reliably prevents the specific exploit referenced above from working and produces LKRG alerts when the exploit is run. LKRG's feature that does so is its allow list for the kernel's usermodehelper. This will similarly prevent other/future exploits that abuse usermodehelper. The remaining risks are Denial of Service (DoS) as even interrupted exploits may leave the system in an unstable state, and a different exploit of the same vulnerability bypassing LKRG.